Help:Features

From ProAlKi

(Redirected from Features)
Jump to: navigation, search


Regular Features

The following features either characterize one ore more paradigm cells (agreement features) or a whole paradigm in contrast to other paradigms (tense, aspect, mood, polarity, order, etc.).

Agreement

Grammatical Role

ValueMeaning
S intransitive subjectsingle
A transitive (or ditransitive) subjectagent
P transitive objectpatient
G ditransitive goalgoal
T ditransitive themetheme
SA intransitive subject or transitive (or ditransitive) subjectnominative
SP intransitive subject or transitive objectabsolutive
AP transitive subject or transitive objectcorargumentive
SAP intransitive or transitive subject or transitive objectany
PG transitive object or ditransitive goal
PT transitive object or ditransitive theme
SPG intransitive subject or transitive object or ditransitive goal
SPT intransitive subject or transitive object or ditransitive theme

Person

ValueMeaning
+1 1st person exclusive or 1st person inclusivefirst
-1 2nd person or 3rd personnonfirst
+2 2nd person or 1st person inclusivesecond
-2 1st person exclusive or 3rd personnonsecond
+3 3rd personthird
-3 1st person exclusive or 1st person inclusive or 2nd personnonthird

Number

ValueMeaning
+sg singularsingular
-sg dual or pluralnonsingular
+du dualdual
-du singular or pluralnondual
+pl pluralplural
-pl singular or dualnonplural

Animacy

ValueMeaning
+an first person or second person or third person animate genderanimate
-an third person inanimate gendernonanimate
+hum first person or second person or third person human (implies animate)human
-hum third person non-humannonhuman

Gender

ValueMeaning
+masc masculine gendermasculine
-masc feminine or neuter gendernonmasculine
+fem feminine genderfeminine
-fem masculine or neuter gendernonfeminine
+neut neuter genderneuter
-neut masculine or feminine gendernonneuter

Obviation

ValueMeaning
+obv third person obviativeobviative
-obv first person or second person or third person proximativenonobviative

Honorific Grade

ValueMeaning
+hon second or third person honorific or mid-honorific gradehonorific
-hon second or third person non-honorific gradenonhonorific

Specific Actor

ValueMeaning
+spec first person or second person or third personspecified actor
-spec unspecified actornonspecified actor

Non-Agreement

Tense, Aspect, Mood, Polarity

ValueMeaningParadigm Title
+past pastpast/Pst
-past presentnonpast/Npst
+prog progressiveprogressive/Prog
-prog progressivenonprogressive
indic indicative moodindicative/Ind
subjunc subjunctive moodsubjunctive/Subj
+neg negativenegative/Neg /NO
-neg positivenonnegative/Pos /PO

Order

ValueMeaningParadigm Title
indpt independent or positive orderindependent/IO /PO
conj conjunct orderconjunct/CO
imper imperative or optative orderimperative/OO

Tags

The following features are used to mark special properties of a morpheme.

Stem

ValueMeaning
stem stem positionstem

Direction

ValueMeaning
direct direct configurationdirect
inverse inverse configurationinverse
local local configurationlocal

Feature Groups

Add a feature to an existing feature group

If you have added a new feature and want the Paradigm Coloriser to group the corresponding feature drag boxes into a certain thematic frame (in the coloriser's window's left hand) you need to add them to the corresponding array in the FeatureGroups.js script page.

In this case just edit the script page and add the new feature into the group it fits best. The names of the single feature scripts are defined in the first item of the array. One example (the comments are not in the original source):

allGroupsContent["allPersonFeatures"] = new Array(
    "Person features",     // This line states the label of the current group frame.
// all below this line are the single features that belong into this class.
    "FirstPerson",
    "SecondPerson",
    "ThirdPerson",
    "+1",
    "-1",
    "+2",
    "-2",
    "+3",
    "-3",
    "Prs:•",
    "Prs:••",
    "Prs:•••"
  );

This is a snapshot of the array that contains all features that will be grouped into the Person features frame of the paradigm coloriser. If you likt to add a new feature, say "-4" for a minus fourth person feature, simply add the line

    "-4",

to the array. It is very important not to miss the comma (,) at the end of the newly added line, except you add the new entry at the end of the array. then the preceding item has to get a comma. Never put a comma at the end of the last item in an array to prevent crashes and misbehavior of the python script. The resulting code should look something like that one:

allGroupsContent["allPersonFeatures"] = new Array(
    "Person features",     
    "FirstPerson",
    "SecondPerson",
    "ThirdPerson",
    "+1",
    "-1",
    "+2",
    "-2",
    "+3",
    "-3",
    "-4",  // <- our new feature!
    "Prs:•",
    "Prs:••",
    "Prs:•••" // the last item of an array never gets a comma!
  );

That's all.

Add new feature groups

If you'd like to add new feature groups, just add

allGroupsContent["<anyUniqueName>"] = new Array(
    "<Label of the feature group>", //spot the comma!
    "<first feature in group>", // here, too!
      .
      .
      .
    "<last feature in group>" // here, no comma!
  );

at any point in the file, but not within an existing feature group array.

Finally, add the unique name of the new feature group to the allGroups array on the bottom of the featureGroups.js file:

var allGroups = new Array(
  "allPersonFeatures",
  "allNumberFeatures",
  "allTAMFeatures",
  "allCaseFeatures",
  "allClassFeatures",
  "<anyUniqueName>", // Add the new group here, and dont forget the comma!
  "allDerivationFeatures",
  "allDirectionMarkers",
  "allOthers" // No comma at the last item!
);

As this list is also an array, you need the comma behind the item unless is it the array's last item.

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Help
Templates
Toolbox