Hun/Materials/Rounds 2001

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Hungarian has two basic sets of verbal person markers that distinguish indefinite and definite.

Hungarian present indef person Rounds2001.jpg

Hungarian present def person Rounds2001.jpg

The analysis of the person markers as definite or indefinite is the traditional one, according to Abondolo (1998, 447) who extends that analysis by claiming that the two sets in fact distinguish direct and inverse forms. Since Abondolo (1998) gives no examples, his claim remains to be proven. This description follows the traditional analysis. As is evident, a portmanteau exists for 1SG>2SG/PL (-alak, -elek) in the definite conjugational pattern. Though tense markers are inserted between the verbal stem and the person ending, Hungarian partly merges verbal person markers with tense and/or mood, i.e. personal markers take separate forms for the different tenses and sometimes moods. However, except for the conditional definite -nalak, -nelek (which can be analysed further), the portmanteaus remain the same.

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